How do Selfies Impact Self-Esteem?

The debate of whether teenage girls are overly sexualized by magazines, television and movies has been discussedand debated for decades…..and for good reason. But social media like Facebook, Twitterand Instagram have transformed the playing field completely.  Now, teens have control over what they post, what others see and what they share.

Although teen idols such as movie starts and pop singers still play an important role in adolescent development, many young girls now draw comparisons to their classmates, peers and friends as well.  In addition, the way young girls choose to communicate has also changed.  Instead of sitting on the home selfiesphone for hours while chatting w BFF”S or writing in a diary, they are now communicating by online chat, text, IM and now via  “selflies”  as a way to express themselves.  What’s a selfie? This is where you take a photograph of yourself with a phone or camera from arm’s length.

The selfie is such a popular concept that it was recently crowned the word of the year by Oxford Dictionaries. The phenomenon has seemed to spread to all corners of society – from prime ministers and the pope, to athletes, and politicians–not just teens.  Now, instead of these pictures being stuck on a bedroom wall, many of them end up online – broadcast to hundreds, if not thousands, of people. So is this a boost for self-esteem, or something that can damage an impressionable teenage girl’s confidence?

Some believe that the selfie does boost self-esteemAccording to a Time magazine article, some researchers believe that selfies have the ability to allow teenage girls to express their moods in a way not possible before. During a phase of life where there is plenty of experimentation, they are able to snap away with different outfits, hair styles, and poses. This helps them to determine the identity they feel most comfortable with, hence boosting self-esteem. Plus, the power of likes and retweets is not to be underestimated. For a teenage girl, receiving likes on Instagram or Facebook can be seen as an endorsement that they are beautiful, from people who are within their social circle. Comments are there to compliment one’s appearance in a way that doesn’t normally happen in a typical personal encounter.

There is also the benefit of inclusion. There have been more than 90 million photographs uploaded to Instagram using the hashtag #selfie. Participation in this club is a way to bond with friends and strangers alike. You feel like you have a community to go to, if you are feeling alone or isolated. But is this real?

Others believe the selflies are harmful. Teen Vogue (of all places) believes that selfies place too much emphasis on the physical appearance of teenagers, rather than their personalities.  There are psychologists who believe the same. Likes and comments that build self-esteem can crush it as well. After all, if two photos are posted – the first with nine likes and the second with two likes, some girls could perceive this as feeling less valued.  And of course, in a world of cyber bullying, negative comments are also a possibility, which can be so hurtful not to mention embarrassing.

Maybe help is on the way. A new app called Snapchat also raises the issue of how inappropriately selfies can be immortalized and used as a weapon for bullying. This new software allows a user to send a photo or video (called a snap) that’s only visible for 10 seconds before it is deleted. However, screenshots can be taken, meaning that an innocuous, embarrassing or ill-judged photo could be used as a weapon for intimidation against you.

Overall, opinions are mixed on the true value of the selfie. But by and large, for teenage girls, it seems to simply be a way to have fun and interact with friends – “possibly” boosting self-esteem. However, it also seems that confidence can be crushed when photographs are taken with the intention of soliciting “likes” only and none are given. Regardless of this new craze, by definition self-esteem can only come from within and not by external means. I’d hate to think that true self-esteem (high or low) is only one photo away.

3 thoughts on “How do Selfies Impact Self-Esteem?

  1. This is a nice objective look at an issue currently simmering on the radar of health behavior research. Selfies, thinspiration, and even the supposedly positive fitspiration all need to be critically examined as the role that the popular media used to play in influencing the image ideals of girls and women are now being funneled into a strong normative influence encompassing not only the media, but friends (‘real’ and virtual) and family as well.

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